Kidney disease facts

  • 30 million American adults have Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), and millions of others are at increased risk.1
     
  • In the US, treatment of chronic kidney disease is likely to exceed $48 billion per year. Treatment for kidney failure consumes 6.7% of the total Medicare budget to care for less than 1% of the covered population.2
     
  • CKD is divided into five stages. The last stage is called End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Once someone has ESRD, a transplant is necessary or that person must go on dialysis to stay alive.
     
  • In people aged 65 through 74 worldwide, it is estimated that one in five men, and one in four women, have CKD. 2
     
  • Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure.
     
  • Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.
     
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) is the best estimate of kidney function.
     
  • Hypertension causes CKD and CKD causes hypertension.
     
  • Persistent proteinuria (protein in the urine) means CKD is present.
     
  • High risk groups include those with diabetes, hypertension, and family history of kidney failure.
     
  • African Americans, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, American Indians, and Seniors are at increased risk.
     
  • Two simple tests can detect CKD: blood pressure, urine albumin, and serum creatinine.